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Arctic Actinomycetes as potential inhibitors of Vibrio cholerae biofilm

Show simple item record Augustine, N. Peter, W.A. Kerkar, S. Thomas, S. 2015-06-04T03:18:03Z 2015-06-04T03:18:03Z 2012
dc.identifier.citation Current Microbiology. 64(4); 2012; 338-342. en_US
dc.description.abstract A novel biofilm inhibitors from actinomycetes isolated from the Arctic against Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera is identified. The biofilm inhibitory activity of actinomycetes was assessed using biofilm assay and was confirmed using air-liquid interphase coverslip assay. The potential isolates were identified using 16S rRNA gene sequencing of all, three isolates showed significant biofilm inhibition against V.cholerae. The results showed that 20 percent of the actinomycetes culture supernatant could inhibit up to 80 percent of the biofilm formation. When different extracted fractions were assessed, significant biofilm inhibition activity was only seen in the diethyl ether fraction of A745. At 200 mu g ml(-1) of diethyl ether fraction, 60 percent inhibition of V.cholerae biofilm was observed. The two potential isolates were found to be Streptomyces sp.and one isolate belonged to Nocardiopsis sp. This is the first report showing a Streptomyces sp. and Nocardiopsis sp. isolated from the Arctic having a biofilm inhibitory activity against V.cholerae. The spread of drug resistant V.cholerae strains is a major clinical problem and the ineffectiveness in antibiotic treatment necessitates finding new modes of prevention and containment of the disease, cholera. The formation of biofilms during the proliferation of V.cholerae is linked to its pathogenesis. Hence, the bioactive compound from the culture supernatant of the isolates identified in this study may be a promising source for the development of a potential quorum sensing inhibitors against V.cholerae. en_US
dc.publisher Springer Verlag (Germany) en_US
dc.subject Biotechnology en_US
dc.title Arctic Actinomycetes as potential inhibitors of Vibrio cholerae biofilm en_US
dc.type Journal article en_US
dc.identifier.impf y

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