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Carbonyl-iron electrodes for rechargeable-iron batteries

Show simple item record SundarRajan, A. Ravikumar, M. Priolkar, K.R. Sampath, S. Shukla, A.K. 2015-09-29T06:49:27Z 2015-09-29T06:49:27Z 2015
dc.identifier.citation Electrochemical Energy Technology. 1(1); 2015; 2-9. en_US
dc.description.abstract Nickel-iron and iron-air batteries are attractive for large-scale-electrical-energy storage because iron is abundant, low-cost and non-toxic. However, these batteries suffer from poor charge acceptance due to hydrogen evolution during charging. In this study, we have demonstrated iron electrodes prepared from carbonyl iron powder (CIP) that are capable of delivering a specific discharge capacity of about 400 mAh g-1 at a current density of 100 mA g-1 with a faradaic efficiency of about 80 percent. The specific capacity of the electrodes increases gradually during formation cycles and reaches a maximum in the 180th cycle. The slow increase in the specific capacity is attributed to the low surface area and limited porosity of the pristine CIP. Evolution of charge potential profiles is investigated to understand the extent of charge acceptance during formation cycles. In situ XRD pattern for the electrodes subsequent to 300 charge/discharge cycles confirms the presence of Fe with Fe(OH)2 as dominant phase. en_US
dc.subject Physics en_US
dc.title Carbonyl-iron electrodes for rechargeable-iron batteries en_US
dc.type Journal article en_US

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