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Application of machine learning techniques in groundwater potential mapping along the west coast of India

Show simple item record Prasad, P. Loveson, V.J. Mahender, K. Yadav. R. 2020-07-27T04:46:44Z 2020-07-27T04:46:44Z 2020
dc.identifier.citation GIScience & Remote Sensing. 57(6); 2020; 735-752. en_US
dc.description.abstract Groundwater potential mapping (GWPM) in the coastal zone is crucial for the planning and development of society and the environment. The current study is aimed to map the groundwater potential zones of Sindhudurg coastal stretch on the west coast of India, using three machine learning models: random forest (RF), boosted regression tree (BRT), and the ensemble of RF and support vector machine (SVM). In order to achieve the objective, 15 groundwater influencing factors including elevation, slope, aspect, slope length (LS), profile curvature, plan curvature, topographical wetness index (TWI), distance from streams, distance from lineaments, lithology, geomorphology, soil, land use, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), and rainfall were considered for inter-thematic correlations and overlaid with spring and well occurrences in a spatial database. A total of 165 spring and well locations were identified, which had been divided into two classes: training and validation, at the ratio of 70:30, respectively. The RF, BRT, and RF-SVM ensemble models have been applied to delineate the groundwater potential zones and categorized into five classes, namely very high, high, moderate, low, and very low. RF, BRT, and ensemble model results showed that 33.3 percent, 35.6 percent, and 36.8 percent of the research area had a very high groundwater potential zone. These models were validated with area under the receiver operating characteristics (AUROC) curve. The accuracy of RF (94 percent) and hybrid model (93.4 percent) was more efficient than BRT (89.8 percent) model. In order to further evaluate and validate, four different sites were subsequently chosen, and we obtained similar results, ensuring the validity of the applied models. Additionally, ground-penetrating radar (GPR) technique was applied to predict the groundwater table and validated by measured wells. The mean difference between measured and GPR predicted groundwater table was 14 cm, which reflected the importance of GPR to guide the location of new wells in the study region. The outcomes of the study will help the decision-makers, government agencies, and private sectors for sustainable planning of groundwater in the area. Overall, the present study provides a comprehensive high-precision machine learning and GPR-based groundwater potential mapping. en_US
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis en_US
dc.subject Marine Sciences en_US
dc.title Application of machine learning techniques in groundwater potential mapping along the west coast of India en_US
dc.type Journal article en_US
dc.identifier.impf y

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