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Application of Blue Economy for Polymetallic Nodules from the Central Indian Ocean Basin (Chapter 7)

Show simple item record Amonkar, A.A. Kalangutkar, N.G. Iyer, S.D. 2023-03-16T07:05:46Z 2023-03-16T07:05:46Z 2023
dc.identifier.citation Global Blue Economy, Ed. by Md. Nazrul Islam, Steven M. Bartell. 2023; 195-219. en_US
dc.description.abstract The Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) is one of the largest and richest polymetallic nodule-bearing areas in the world's oceans. The basin has varied morpho-structures, sediments, and rocks and other materials that are 'seeds' for the growth of nodules through hydorgenetic and diagenetic processes. The abundance of 5kg/m sup(2) of nodules on the seafloor, metal grade of 2 percent (copper, nickel and cobalt), and areas of low slope angles collectively make the CIOB a potential target for nodule mining. For more than four decades India has been carrying out a nodule programme that largely encompassed exploration and collection of baseline data for environmental impact assessment studies. As a contractor with the International Seabed Authority, India has certain obligations to fulfill prior to mining of the nodules. In this chapter, we provide a gist of the different investigations conducted by India in the CIOB and this is followed by processes developed for metal beneficiation from the nodules, technological progress that is underway to mine the nodules and the economic viability of mining the nodules. There exist a number of reports that pertain to the geological and geophysical characteristics of the CIOB, but the implementation of the blue economy has never been discussed with the seriousness that it deserves. Hence, we address this important concern and the ways by which India could execute the different sectors of blue economy towards a profitable and sustainable mining of the nodules. en_US
dc.publisher CRC Press en_US
dc.subject Earth Sciences en_US
dc.title Application of Blue Economy for Polymetallic Nodules from the Central Indian Ocean Basin (Chapter 7) en_US
dc.type Book chapter en_US

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